Azure provides greater range of cloud based services with added features. azure services are enhanced every month means services are introduced gradually in certain period of time.
Most commonly used features are as below :
Compute Services provides options for hosting applications and services. It includes virtual machines, containers and serverless computing including micro services (performing calculation, executing logic,running applications). Here are some examples of compute services in Azure:
Azure Virtual Machines : Windows or Linux virtual machines hosted in Azure
Azure Virtual Machine Scale Sets : Scaling for Windows or Linux VMs hosted in Azure
Azure Kubernetes Service : Enables management of a cluster of VMs that run containerized services
Azure Service Fabric : Distributed systems platform. Runs in Azure or on-premises
Azure Batch : Managed service for parallel and high-performance computing applications
Azure Container Instances : Provides containers without requiring VM provision or higher services
Azure Functions : An event-driven, serverless compute service
Azure networking function is to link compute resources and provide access to applications. Also includes different range of options to connect different regions in world to services and features in the global Microsoft Azure datacenters.
There is an error "failed to create configuration database" while installing sharepoint 2016 with an addition message "sql server instance does not have the required "max degree of parallelism" setting of 1".
What is Max Degree of Parallelism ? When an instance of SQL Server runs on a computer that has more than one microprocessor or CPU, it detects the best degree of parallelism, that is, the number of processors employed to run a single statement, for each parallel plan execution. You can use the max degree of parallelism option to limit the number of processors to use in parallel plan execution. SQL Server considers parallel execution plans for queries, index data definition language (DDL) operations, and static and keyset-driven cursor population.
There are three primary types of cloud computing services in azure : Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), Platform as a Service (PaaS), and Software as a Service (SaaS). For each type, the responsibilities of the nine major layers of management vary between the vendor of the service and the client (you).For example, Desktop-as-a-Service really has IaaS as a foundation.
Infrastructure as a service IaaS
IaaS can be thought of as a virtual machine in the cloud. we can say its an instant computing infrastructure, provisioned and managed over the Internet. Cloud computing service provider manages the infrastructure, while you purchase, install, configure and manage your own software—operating systems, middleware and applications. This means provider has a virtual environment, and you purchase virtual machine instances. You then manage the operating system, the patching, the data, and the applications within.
iaas paas saas diagram
Below iaas paas saas diagram will give clear idea about the difference between iaas paas and saas.
iaas examples include Amazon’s Elastic Computing 2 (EC2) and Azure IaaS, which offer organizations the ability to run operating systems inside cloud-based virtual environments.
Business uses IaaS
Test and development : Teams can quickly set up and dismantle test and development environments, bringing new applications to market faster. IaaS makes it quick and economical to scale up dev-test environments up and down.
Website hosting : Running websites using IaaS can be less expensive than traditional web hosting.
Storage, backup and recovery : Organisations avoid the capital outlay for storage and complexity of storage management, which typically requires a skilled staff to manage data and meet legal and compliance requirements. IaaS is useful for handling unpredictable demand and steadily growing storage needs. It can also simplify planning and management of backup and recovery systems.
Web apps : IaaS provides all the infrastructure to support web apps, including storage, web and application servers and networking resources. Organisations can quickly deploy web apps on IaaS and easily scale infrastructure up and down when demand for the apps is unpredictable.
High-performance computing : High-performance computing (HPC) on supercomputers, computer grids or computer clusters helps solve complex problems involving millions of variables or calculations. Examples include earthquake and protein folding simulations, climate and weather predictions, financial modeling and evaluating product designs.
Big data analysis : Big data is a popular term for massive data sets that contain potentially valuable patterns, trends and associations. Mining data sets to locate or tease out these hidden patterns requires a huge amount of processing power, which IaaS economically provides.
benefits of IaaS
Eliminates capital expense and reduces ongoing cost. IaaS sidesteps the upfront expense of setting up and managing an on-site datacenter, making it an economical option for start-ups and businesses testing new ideas.
Improves business continuity and disaster recovery. Achieving high availability, business continuity and disaster recovery is expensive, since it requires a significant amount of technology and staff. But with the right service level agreement (SLA) in place, IaaS can reduce this cost and access applications and data as usual during a disaster or outage.
Innovate rapidly. As soon as you have decided to launch a new product or initiative, the necessary computing infrastructure can be ready in minutes or hours, rather than the days or weeks—and sometimes months—it could take to set up internally.
Respond quicker to shifting business conditions. IaaS enables you to quickly scale up resources to accommodate spikes in demand for your application— during the holidays, for example—then scale resources back down again when activity decreases to save money.
Focus on your core business. IaaS frees up your team to focus on your organisation’s core business rather than on IT infrastructure.
Increase stability, reliability and supportability. With IaaS there is no need to maintain and upgrade software and hardware or troubleshoot equipment problems. With the appropriate agreement in place, the service provider assures that your infrastructure is reliable and meets SLAs.
Better security. With the appropriate service agreement, a cloud service provider can provide security for your applications and data that may be better than what you can attain in-house.
Gets new apps to users faster. Because you don’t need to first set up the infrastructure before you can develop and deliver apps, you can get them to users faster with IaaS.
Platform as a service PaaS
PaaS is a complete development and deployment environment in the cloud that provides a framework where custom applications can be run. Organizations only need to focus on writing application within the guidelines of the platform capabilities and everything else is taken care of. There are no worries about patching operating systems, updating frameworks, backing up SQL databases, configuring high availability. The organization just writes the application and pays for the resource used.
Like IaaS, PaaS includes infrastructure—servers, storage and networking—but also middleware, development tools, business intelligence (BI) services, database management systems and more. PaaS is designed to support the complete web application lifecycle: building, testing, deploying, managing and updating.
PaaS allows you to avoid the expense and complexity of buying and managing software licenses, the underlying application infrastructure and middleware or the development tools and other resources. You manage the applications and services you develop and the cloud service provider typically manages everything else.
Azure is the classic example of a PaaS.
Business uses PaaS
Development framework : PaaS provides a framework that developers can build upon to develop or customize cloud-based applications. Similar to the way you create an Excel macro, PaaS lets developers create applications using built-in software components. Cloud features such as scalability, high-availability and multi-tenant capability are included, reducing the amount of coding that developers must do.
Analytics or business intelligence : Tools provided as a service with PaaS allow organisations to analyse and mine their data, finding insights and patterns and predicting outcomes to improve forecasting, product design decisions, investment returns and other business decisions.
Additional services : PaaS providers may offer other services that enhance applications, such as workflow, directory, security and scheduling.
benefits of PaaS
By delivering infrastructure as a service, PaaS offers the same advantages as IaaS. But its additional features—middleware, development tools and other business tools—give you more advantages:
Cut coding time : PaaS development tools can cut the time it takes to code new apps with pre-coded application components built into the platform, such as workflow, directory services, security features, search and so on.
Add development capabilities without adding staff : Platform as a Service components can give your development team new capabilities without your needing to add staff having the required skills.
Develop for multiple platforms—including mobile—more easily. Some service providers give you development options for multiple platforms, such as computers, mobile devices and browsers making cross-platform apps quicker and easier to develop.
Use sophisticated tools affordably : A pay-as-you-go model makes it possible for individuals or organisations to use sophisticated development software and business intelligence and analytics tools that they could not afford to purchase outright.
Support geographically distributed development teams : Because the development environment is accessed over the Internet, development teams can work together on projects even when team members are in remote locations.
Efficiently manage the application lifecycle : PaaS provides all of the capabilities that you need to support the complete web application lifecycle: building, testing, deploying, managing and updating within the same integrated environment.
Software as a service SaaS
The complete solution is provided by the vendor. allows users to connect to and use cloud-based apps over the Internet. The organization has nothing to write or maintain other than configuring who should be allowed to use the software. SaaS is the ultimate in low maintenance.
You rent the use of an app for your organisation and users connect to it over the Internet web browser. All of the underlying infrastructure, middleware, app software and app data are located in the service provider’s data center. The service provider manages the hardware and software and with the appropriate service agreement. This will ensure availability and security of the app and your data as well. SaaS allows organisation to get quickly up and running with an app at minimal upfront cost.
email, calendaring and office tools (such as Microsoft Office 365) are examples of commercial SaaS. Office 365, which provides cloud-hosted Exchange, SharePoint, and Lync services accessed over the Internet with no application or operating system management for the organization, is an enterprise example.
Business uses SaaS
If you have used a web-based email service such as Outlook, Hotmail or Yahoo! Mail, then you have already used a form of SaaS. With these services, you log into your account over the Internet, often from a web browser. The email software is located on the service provider’s network and your messages are stored there as well. You can access your email and stored messages from a web browser on any computer or Internet-connected device.
The previous examples are free services for personal use. For organisational use, you can rent productivity apps, such as email, collaboration and calendaring; and sophisticated business applications such as customer relationship management (CRM), enterprise resource planning (ERP) and document management. You pay for the use of these apps by subscription or according to the level of use.
benefits of SaaS
Gain access to sophisticated applications. To provide SaaS apps to users, you don’t need to purchase, install, update or maintain any hardware, middleware or software. SaaS makes even sophisticated enterprise applications, such as ERP and CRM, affordable for organisations that lack the resources to buy, deploy and manage the required infrastructure and software themselves.
Pay only for what you use. You also save money because the SaaS service automatically scales up and down according to the level of usage.
Use free client software. Users can run most SaaS apps directly from their web browser without needing to download and install any software, although some apps require plugins. This means that you don’t need to purchase and install special software for your users.
Mobilise your workforce easily. SaaS makes it easy to “mobilise” your workforce because users can access SaaS apps and data from any Internet-connected computer or mobile device. You don’t need to worry about developing apps to run on different types of computers and devices because the service provider has already done so. In addition, you don’t need to bring special expertise onboard to manage the security issues inherent in mobile computing. A carefully chosen service provider will ensure the security of your data, regardless of the type of device consuming it.
Access app data from anywhere. With data stored in the cloud, users can access their information from any Internet-connected computer or mobile device. And when app data is stored in the cloud, no data is lost if a user’s computer or device fails.
The common question in every mind is what is hybrid cloud ? let me share in hybrid cloud azure combine on-premises infrastructure, or private clouds, with public clouds so organizations can reap the advantages of both. In a hybrid cloud, data and applications can move between private and public clouds for greater flexibility and more deployment options. For instance, you can use the public cloud for high-volume, lower-security needs such as web-based email and the private cloud (or other on-premise infrastructure) for sensitive, business-critical operations like financial reporting. In a hybrid cloud, “cloud bursting” is also an option. This is when an application or resource runs in the private cloud until there is a spike in demand (such as seasonal event like online shopping or tax filing), at which point the organization can “burst through” to the public cloud to tap into additional computing resources.
hybrid cloud benefits
Control : your organization can maintain a private infrastructure for sensitive assets.
Flexibility : you can take advantage of additional resources in the public cloud when you need them.
Cost-effectiveness : with the ability to scale to the public cloud, you pay for extra computing power only when needed.
Ease : Transitioning to the cloud does not have to be overwhelming because you can migrate gradually—phasing in workloads over time.