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Service Applications in SharePoint

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Service Applications in SharePoint

Service Applications in SharePoint are associated with web applications, and specific services are typically deployed as needed in a particular farm. Only deployed services are referred to as service applications. This is a huge advantage in terms of conserving resources and optimizing performance. For instance, a specific web application can be configured to use only the services it needs. The number of service applications that exist is vast, and, as third-party vendors can create their own services for SharePoint Server. A list of services includes the following:

You can set up a single service application to be shared among multiple web applications or deploy multiple instances of the same service across a farm and, in some cases, across multiple farms. Also, there is no limitation regarding the number of services that can be deployed in any single farm. A typical planning scenario requires that you either set up services to share across multiple web applications or isolate an individual service to one or a limited number of web applications. We can publish below service applications across the farm.

  • Business Data Connectivity
  • Machine Translation
  • Managed Metadata
  • User Profile
  • Search
  • Secure Store

Navigate to “Central Admin -> Application Management ->Manage Service Applications” and click on “New” from ribbon to see the list of service applications available.

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you can use powershell command to get the list of  service applications

Get-SPServiceApplication | Format-Table -wrap
Service Applications in SharePoint
Get-SPServiceApplication
Get-SPServiceApplication -Identity 48fbecaa-71e4-4f1d-bdfe-bdcbc17fa061 | Format-Table -wrap
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sharepoint services 2016

For every service application there is a service associated with it which you can from central admin by navigating to “Central Admin -> Application Management -> Manage Services on Server”.

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Alternatively you can use the powershell command as below

Get-SPServiceInstance | Format-Table -wrap
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Get-SPServiceInstance | Where {$_.Status -eq "Online"} | Format-Table -wrap
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Similarly we can start the service instance by running the below command.

Start-SPServiceInstance e63962e4-e1ea-4b83-a9cc-df51683e85f3
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