SharePoint 2010 – The 14 Hive and other important directories


The 14 Hive – Folder Location
The 14 Hive folder is located at the following path
C:Program FilesCommon filesMicrosoft SharedWeb Server Extensions14

14hive

The 14 Hive – Folder Structure
The 14 Hive has a definite folder structure which holds the core SharePoint server files.

  • ADMISAPI:- It contains soap services for Central Administration. If this directory is altered, remote site creation and other methods exposed in the service will not function correctly.
  • Bin:- The directory contains all the core binary files, utilities which used by SharePoint Services.  command line tools such as STSADM.EXE also present in this folder.
  • Config:- This directory contains files used to extend IIS Web sites with SharePoint Server. If this directory or its contents are altered, Web application will not function correctly.
  • HCCab:- This directory has a set of cab files which has content information used by the SharePoint help system.
  • Help:- The folder contains html help file (.chm) used by the configuration wizard.
  • ISAPI:- This directory contains all the standard Web Services for SharePoint and resources and configuration files that the web services use.
  • Logs:- This is the folder where we can have all the SharePoint related logs will see. This is important when any problem or error occur in SharePoint you have to trace the logs files in this folder to get the error messages.
  • Resources:- This directory contains the core.resx file used for creating language packs for SharePoint.   by which different SharePoint sites with different languages and cultures can be create.
  • Template:- It contains the core web site functionality like the features, templates, configurations, resources of a web site.
  • UserCode:- This directory contains files used to support sandbox solution.
  • Web Clients:- This directory contains files related to Client Object Model.
  • Web Services:- This directory is the root directory where SharePoint back-end Web services are hosted, for example, Excel and Search.


Other Important SharePoint 2010 Directories
1) C:Inetpubwwwrootwss – This directory (or the corresponding directory under the Inetpub root on the server) is used as the default location for IIS Web sites.
2) C:ProgramFilesMicrosoft Office Servers14.0 – This directory is the installation location for SharePoint Server 2010 binaries and data. The directory can be changed during installation.
3) C:ProgramFilesMicrosoft Office Servers14.0WebServices – This directory is the root directory where SharePoint back-end Web services are hosted, for example, Excel and Search.
4) C:ProgramFilesMicrosoft Office Servers14.0Data – This directory is the root location where local data is stored, including search indexes.
5) C:ProgramFilesMicrosoft Office Servers14.0Logs – This directory is the location where the run-time diagnostic logging is generated.

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