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Prepare windows cluster SharePoint


Prepare windows cluster SharePoint

This part demonstrate how to configure windows cluster for two server, to be used as SQL Cluster.failover clustering 1060x283



Before you start

You need to have two network adapters on each node, one Public and one Private(for heartbeat communication).

Shared storage (like SAN storage) should be present and connected to both cluster nodes  with at least:

  • Quorum Disk (5GB)
  • DTC Disk (1GB)
  • SQL data files and log file disk(s)

domain user account (SPSadmin): add SPSadmin user as administrator on both servers

Prepare a preserved static IP and Cluster Name to be used.

Prepare a preserved static IP and DTC Name to be used.

Windows Cluster Configuration

  1. Install latest windows updates on all server nodes.
  2. Install Application role and IIS role on both SQL DB server nodes.Installserverroles failovercluster 1209x541
  3. Fail over clustering feature on both SQL DB server nodes.server roles failover clustering 964x400
  4. Provide a Cluster Name and Cluster IP for the database nodes: Make sure that the public network is used here not the private.failover clustering 1164x416
  5. Below are the servers info.failover clustering 1033x418
  6. Cluster Disk files are configured as the following:failover clustering 1106x433
  7. Configure DTC as clustered service , this is a pre requisite for SQL Cluster installation.failover clustering 1086x429
  8. DTC cluster configuration.failover clustering 1104x432
  9. Assign the DTC a cluster disk.failover clustering 1154x429
  10. Create SQL Group which is a logical group to include all SQL resources in :

sql group-failover cluster manager 1249x221

load balancing WFE servers sharepoint 1920x1080

load balancing WFE servers sharepoint


How to configure load balance WFE servers sharepoint

servers in sharepoint can be possible by Activating "Network Load Balancing" feature.

So, first install the NLB feature in Windows which can be done using Server Manager as per below screenshot:

Load balancing WFE servers sharepoint

Load balancing WFE servers sharepoint

Then create NLB cluster on the first server:

  1. Open Network Load Balancing Manager
  2. From the Cluster menu choose New
  3. Enter the server name or IP address and select the desired interface from the list.  Click Next
  4. Select the dedicated IP address and click Next
  5. Add a cluster IP address, choose Multicast and click Next
  6. If required, narrow down the ports required for the cluster (for example just port 80 and 443).  Click Finish.  The cluster is now in place with just the one host, as you can see below:
create cluster network load balancing manager

create cluster network load balancing manager

To add the second host just right-click the cluster and choose Add host to cluster.  Follow the wizard to add the second server to the cluster.

Note: when clustering 3 or more web front end servers it is a good idea to use a separate network for server to server communication.